Customs inspection refers to the process where customs checks, verifies, and authenticates goods according to legal provisions during import and export procedures, ensuring their legality, authenticity, and safety. The purpose of customs inspection is to protect national security, maintain public interests, prevent smuggling, and tax evasion, and promote healthy and orderly development of import and export trade.
Customs inspection can be divided into two forms: on-site inspection and off-site inspection. On-site inspection refers to customs conducting physical inspection and sample testing of goods at ports, airports, and other entry and exit ports. Off-site inspection refers to customs inspecting goods through electronic data checking, reviewing relevant certificates and documents, and questioning relevant parties during the declaration process of import and export goods.
Enterprises engaged in import and export trade must strictly declare in accordance with customs regulations and provide true and accurate information about their goods and related certificates and documents. If customs discovers that an enterprise provides false information or violates relevant regulations, it will conduct an inspection of the goods and may impose penalties. Therefore, enterprises should actively cooperate with customs inspections to ensure their goods pass through customs smoothly.